R&D

R&D Expenses

(¥billion)
Year 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Net Sales 417 419 345 365 481 474
R&D Expenses 11.1 11.9 13.4 13.7 14.9 15.1
Ratio of R&D Expenses to Net Sales 2.7% 2.8% 3.9% 3.8% 3.1% 3.2%
R&D Expenses (consolidated)

Researchers: 899 (Year ended March 31,2011)